The number of people affected by sharks is growing steadily around the world …
Among the main reasons for this sad fact, experts call a change in the ecological situation (a decrease in the number of fish in the world’s oceans) and an increase in the number of tourists on the coast of seas and oceans.
According to statistics from the Shark Lagoon portal, the number of incidents involving shark attacks on humans in 2016 was 161 episodes. This is a record figure for the past 50 years. Of the total number of incidents, 13 attacks last year (8.1%) ended in human death, six cases (3.7%) of limb loss were recorded. Most attacks (57) were recorded on the coast of the USA, Australia (43), South Africa (9). The risk group, as before, is made up of divers, fishermen, spear hunters, surfers. Swimmers on the beaches account for only 25% of the total number of victims of attacks.
What if I met a shark?
If you see an approaching shark, do not make sudden movements and begin to swim smoothly towards the shore or boat. Remember: chaotic movements in the water can provoke aggression from the shark. They do not attack immediately, but swim in several circles around the alleged victim, and then they can sharply strike sideways.
In this case:
you can’t turn your back on her;
if possible, you should remain calm;
strike the shark with all his might in one of the most vulnerable and sensitive places – on the gills, the tip of the nose, in the eye.
Attacking a shark by striking it if it is aggressive and the attack seems inevitable is the most correct decision. The main thing in this situation is to overcome your fear. You can sharply pull the shark by the gills, hit on the nose, stick a knife into it, hit with a stone, or even stick your fingers in the eyes – it is likely that the frightened shark will retreat.
However, it also happens that the shark attacks several times. Your only chance for salvation is not to lose your composure and repel all attacks of the predator.
Already after a shark attack, on the shore or on board the boat, it is necessary first of all to stop the bleeding if damage is received.
Then apply a bandage to the treated wound and urgently, even with minor injuries, seek medical help – there is a risk of infection entering the wound.
How to avoid shark attacks?
If you follow simple rules, the risk of a shark attack can be minimized. It should be remembered that sharks do not attack for no reason. Perhaps you yourself provoked the predator by floundering in the water, and she mistook you for a fish. The reason for the attack can be the smell of blood from a tiny scratch on your body, and even glare from jewelry (earrings, rings, etc.).
Therefore, experts do not recommend being at sea:
in the dark or at dusk (the time of active hunting for sharks);
near fishing boats and near large schools of fish;
in bright bathing suits;
with fresh wounds or cuts on the body.
In addition, you should strictly follow the rules of staying on the beach – do not swim too far, do not lower your arms and legs into the water from an inflatable raft or mattress. These rules are usually drawn up by the beach administration taking into account the danger of shark attacks.
Today, various means of protection against sharks have been developed and are used – acoustic repellents, chemical repellents, etc. Their use reduces the risk of shark attack, but does not completely exclude it, therefore the recommendations given here remain relevant even if you use such means of protection.