In summer, everyone wants to travel, spend more time in nature, swim and sunbathe, pick mushrooms and berries, or just walk in some beautiful place in the forest, by the river or by the lake …
Alas, dangerous situations arise here too, one of them is a meeting with a snake.
What if I met a snake?
Most often, the snake itself solves this problem safely for you – it just runs away from the meeting place. A man is not a food object for a snake; it has no reason to attack you. It’s another matter if you unwittingly provoked the snake, created a threatening situation for it, and the snake had to defend itself. For example, they bent down to get a better look at it; stepped on or bumped into with a hand while picking berries or mushrooms. As a rule, such contacts end with a bite.
What snakes can you meet most often? In central Russia, in the Ukraine, in the Urals, in Siberia, it is an ordinary, or gray viper. Viper bites are not fatal for an adult, but they can cause serious disorders of the body.
Vipers are often confused with snakes, yellow or white spots at the base of the head help to distinguish them – the viper does not have them. The snake’s skin is shiny, the viper’s is matte.
It can bite too, but its bite is not poisonous. However, it is better not to check these differences in practice and not to touch any reptiles, especially if you met them in the Crimea, the Caucasus or somewhere in the tropics – other species of snakes live there. Therefore, any unknown snake should be considered poisonous.
Having noticed a snake, it is best to freeze and let it crawl away. You should not turn your back on it and run away – there is a risk of disturbing another snake. The snake’s threatening behavior should not scare you – it hisses and raises its head, trying to simply drive you away. By the way, snakes behave the same way. Slowly, without losing sight of the snake, back up. At some point, the snake will lose sight of you (its eyesight is poor), and you can safely leave the dangerous place.
Snakes in the house – what to do?
There are a lot of recommendations on this topic on the Internet, but, as a rule, they all involve some kind of active action. It is better for a person who is not familiar with the habits of snakes to entrust the solution of such a problem to specialists, for example, call the Ministry of Emergencies. If a snake is found in your hotel room, immediately inform the hotel staff, they have special instructions on this matter. And before the arrival of specialists, do not lose sight of the snake, moving away from it as far as possible. Trying to drive or neutralize a snake on your own means putting at risk not only yourself, but also other people.
And if a snake is found on the plot of a summer cottage or a rented villa, say, somewhere in Bali, what to do? Everything is the same as described above, plus one rather exotic way. The snake can be pelted with ice and frost from the refrigerator from a safe distance.
Snakes are cold-blooded animals, when cooled, they quickly fall asleep and become almost safe, they can simply be removed with a mop. But this method is a last resort, when there is no way to ask for help from the rescue service, the hotel administration, the owners of the villa or apartment.
What to do if you are bitten by a snake?
So, the snake still bit you. Be sure to remember how she looked – this will help doctors when choosing a serum.
Poisonous snakes usually leave two (according to the number of poisonous teeth) bleeding and very painful wounds, but there may be one.
Non-venomous snakes and other reptiles usually leave multiple wounds. To begin with, we will explain what to do when a snake bites, contrary to common misconceptions, DO NOT:
apply a tourniquet to the bitten limb;
cut or even cut out the bite site;
try to squeeze out the poison;
take strong alcohol.
After the bite, you should move the bitten limb as little as possible. The movement stimulates blood circulation and the spread of poison in the vessels. The wounds should be treated with an antiseptic solution and an antiseptic dressing (napkin) should be applied. And drink as much of any liquid as possible to stimulate the excretion of the poison in the urine from the body.
All of these measures are in no way a substitute for seeking medical attention. Symptoms of poisoning from a snake bite – dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, aches and pain throughout the body usually appear several tens of minutes after the bite and can last for several days.
Therefore, it is important to administer an antidote to the victim as early as possible – a special serum, this should be done in a medical facility.
The dog was bitten by a snake – what to do?
Seek veterinary attention immediately. In dogs, the area of the nasolabial triangle is usually exposed to bites when the animal sniffs the snake.
Some breeds, for example, hunting dogs, dachshunds, tolerate snake bites quite easily. Large dogs may develop pulmonary edema, shortness of breath, wheezing. Veterinarians will use the same methods for treating bitten dogs as doctors treat people, but be prepared for long-term treatment and monitoring of your pet.